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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

2 edition of Introduction to microbiology relevant to the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program found in the catalog.

Introduction to microbiology relevant to the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program

Ann Brown

Introduction to microbiology relevant to the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program

a literature review

by Ann Brown

  • 190 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by AECL, Whiteshell Laboratories in Pinawa, Man .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program.,
  • Radioactive waste disposal in the ground -- Environmental aspects -- Canada.,
  • Microbial growth.,
  • Radioactive waste sites -- Environmental aspects -- Canada.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby D. Ann Brown.
    SeriesTechnical record -- TR-581, Technical record (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited) -- TR-581.
    ContributionsAtomic Energy of Canada Limited., Whiteshell Laboratories.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTK"9001"T4"no.581
    The Physical Object
    Pagination68 p. :
    Number of Pages68
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20670790M

    Uranium ore, as it is mined from the ground, is not directly usable for power generation. Much processing must be carried out before uranium can be used efficiently to generate electricity. Uranium’s transformation from ore into nuclear fuel and, eventually, the handling of waste products, is described as the nuclear fuel cycle. There are several steps in the nuclear fuel cycle: Mining.   The human waste’s gas is converted into energy and the remaining solids can be used as fuel or fertilizers. Check out this short video to see how it works: Through this waterless process, the toilets can provide clean sanitation to people who don’t have it .

    physics, nuclear fuel cycle analysis, and environmental transport of radioactive materials. Eventually, he led the development of a risk assessment methodology for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. From to , he was director of AECL’s Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program, responsible for leading AECL’sCited by: 1. Dedicated funds for waste management. OPG is responsible for the management of used nuclear fuel, low and intermediate level nuclear waste, and eventual decommissioning of its nuclear facilities including the stations on lease to Bruce Power, as required by the Canadian Nuclear .

    The Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program is assessing the permanent disposal of used nuclear fuel in a waste vault located to 1, m deep in the Precambrian granitic rock of the Canadian Shield. The specific objectives of the program are to develop and demonstrate the technology to site, design, build, and operate a disposal facility in a way that creates no, or negligible, burden on . UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS RADIOCHEMISTRY AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY – Vol. II - Nuclear Waste Management and the Nuclear Fuel Cycle - Patricia. A. Baisden, Gregory R. Choppin ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) the management of nuclear waste from power generation is described in terms the three.


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Introduction to microbiology relevant to the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program by Ann Brown Download PDF EPUB FB2

These studies cover topics such as the presence of microbes in geological media and their influence on geochemical parameters, tolerance to extreme conditions of radiation, heat and desiccation expected in nuclear fuel waste vaults, microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) of waste containers, microbial effects on radionuclide migration in the surrounding rock, microbial gas production and the resulting potential for pressure buildup in a vault, introduction Cited by: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited has developed a concept for the permanent disposal of nuclear fuel waste in Canada.

A program was initiated in to address and quantify the potential effects of microbial action on the integrity of the multibarrier system on which the disposal concept is by: THE CANADIAN PROGRAM APPROACH rationale behind the Canadian program, a brief summary The overall objective of the Canadian nuclear fuel waste management program is to ensure that there will be no significant effects on man or the environment at any time.

This objective has two aspects: Safety - to manage the radioactive materials so that the. active nuclear fuel waste, which is the subject of this report, is per-formed within the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program.

The program Involves research and development of technologies for interim storage, transportation, immobilization, and subsequent disposal of nuc-lear fuel waste deep in a stable, plutonlc rock within the Canadian.

This paper describes recent developments in the field of nuclear waste management in Canada with a focus on management of nuclear fuel waste. Of particular significance is the April tabling in the Canadian House of Commons of Bill C, An Act respecting the long-term management of nuclear fuel waste.

At the time of finalizing this paper (Janu ), Bill C is in Third Cited by: 2. Microbiology in nuclear waste management KYT seminar Minna Vikman, Hanna Miettinen, Leena Carpén, VTT Riikka Kietäväinen, GTK.

Projects Microbial sulphur cycle in final nuclear waste repository conditions - Geobiokierto (Miettinen, VTT) Microbiology related to geological disposal of low- and intermediate level waste - MAKERI. The Nuclear Fuel Waste Act and Canada’s Plan for the Long-Term Management of its Nuclear Fuel Waste Sladic, Ramona Canadian Institute of Resources Law "The Nuclear Fuel Waste Act and Canada's Plan for the Long-Term Management of its Nuclear Fuel Waste", CIRL Occasional Paper #47 (Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resources Law, ).

To store radioactive waste, the Canadian nuclear industry applies a variety of measures that correspond to the varying levels of risk involved. These range from onsite storage of low-level waste until it is safe to handle and dispose of, to specialized cooling and long-term containment of spent fuel bundles.

Radioactive waste is any material (liquid, gas or solid) that contains a radioactive nuclear substance (as defined in section 2 of the Nuclear Safety and Control Act) and which the owner has determined to be waste (as per regulatory policy P, Managing Radioactive Waste).

Radioactive waste produced in Canada is managed safely in specially designed facilities. Nuclear waste, especially nuclear fuel wastes from reactors, also called high-level radioactive wastes, is the greatest danger caused by the nuclear industry.

This fuel, otherwise known as irradiated fuel or “spent” fuel, contains hundreds of radioactive elements that are the products of. The Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) of Canada was established in under the Nuclear Fuel Waste Act (NFWA) to investigate approaches for managing Canada’s used nuclear tly, nuclear power plants are operating in Ontario and New Brunswick.

The Act required Canadian electricity generating companies which produce used nuclear fuel to establish a waste management Founder: Elizabeth Dowdeswell, Founding President.

The Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program involves both field and laboratory research, to assess the concept of disposal of nuclear fuel wastes at This research program is multifaceted and requires data from a large number of disciplines, such as geology, geochemistry, hydrogeology, civil and mining engineering, chemistry, solid state science, environmental science, and by: 1.

The expected conditions in a Canadian nuclear fuel waste disposal vault would not be exclusive to microbial life. Conditions in the vault (near field) include temperatures of about 70–95°C at the container surface; a pressure of about 12 MPa in the buffer and backfill; and a maximum radiation dose rate of between 52 Gy/h (Ti containers) and Cited by: Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL) has more than sixty years of experience as a responsible steward of waste.

We continue to ensure that our activities are performed in a manner that protects the workers, the public, and the environment, and are in compliance with licensing and associated provincial and federal standards and policies.

The Nuclear Fuel Waste Act results from the response of the Canadian federal government (December ) to the recommendations of the report of the Environmental Review panel (March ) on AECL's nuclear fuel waste management proposal.

The report concluded that the plan for Deep Geological Disposal is technically sound, and that nuclear waste. the management of the nuclear fuel waste produced by all 20 of these reactors.

In the provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec, the nuclear energy corporations, NB Power and Hydro-Québec (HQ) each have one reactor, Point Lepreau and Gentilly II, respectively. Ann Brown has written: 'Introduction to microbiology relevant to the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program' -- subject(s): Canada, Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program.

And Canadian Nuclear Laboratories is carrying forward an earlier plan by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited to bury decades-worth of research and operating waste beneath the Chalk River National Laboratory beside the Ottawa River, as well as constructing a "Near Surface Disposal Facility" - a radioactive mound - on surface at the same site.

Nuclear Fuel Waste Projections in Canada – Update The Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) has a legal obligation to manage all of Canada’s used nuclear fuel – that which exists now and that which will be produced in the future Introduction of new fuel types, such as the 37M regular and long fuel bundles in the.

nuclear fuel waste. Hydro-Québec established the Hydro-Québec Trust for Management of Nuclear Fuel Waste (the “Trust”), of which Hydro-Québec is the primary beneficiary. In Aprilthe Government of Canada approved a formula for financing the costs of the approach adopted for long-term nuclear fuel waste management.

the Canadian Nuclear Industry. Ontario Hydro has been operating a Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WWRF) at the Bruce Nuclear Power Development (BNPD) since With waste sources that rapidly increased in number in the s, due to an expanding nuclear program, Ontario Hydro put into service in-station waste management systems for collection,File Size: 2MB.System Analyses on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Management By Myeongguk Cheon Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering-Nuclear Engineering University of California, Berkeley Professor Joonhong Ahn, Chair To evaluate the impacts of accelerator-driven transmutation of waste (ATW) fuel.

This act requires that: nuclear energy corporations, for example, Ontario Power Generation, Hydro-Québec and New Brunswick Power, establish and maintain a Waste Management Organization (WMO); that this organization return to government in three years with a recommended approach to the long term management of Canada’s nuclear fuel waste; and.